All posts by chrisconrad420

MMRSA: Senate Bill No. 643 Reconciliation

Medical Marijuana Regulation and Safety Act

The effect of this bill is to reconcile the Senate’s legislation with two Assembly Bills on medical marijuana, AB 243 and AB 266.

Senate Bill No. 643 • CHAPTER 719 Continue reading MMRSA: Senate Bill No. 643 Reconciliation

MMRSA: Assembly Bill 266 Regulations

Medical Marijuana Regulation and Safety Act

The effect of this Assembly Bill is to regulate the production and distribution of marijuana and marijuana products for medical use in California. [And, in the process, AB266 eliminates all criminal defenses from SB 420 collectives, meaning no growing for other patients, no sharing more than an ounce (misdemeanor) and no sales (wobbler) allowed between patients without a state and local license license.]  Continue reading MMRSA: Assembly Bill 266 Regulations

MMRSA: Assembly Bill 243 Licensed cultivation

Medical Marijuana Regulation and Safety Act

The effect of this bill is to regulate the agricultural aspects of medical marijuana production, to license cannabis cultivation and to exempt small personal medical marijuana grows to 100 square feet and patient collectives up to five patients from licensing provisions. Continue reading MMRSA: Assembly Bill 243 Licensed cultivation

Pre-Prop. 64 archive, California HS 11357 – 11362.9

Health and Safety Code – HSC 11357 – 11362.9

A compendium of California marijuana definitions and statutory laws related to cannabis hemp / marijuana as they were listed from 1976 to 2016, when the voters adopted Proposition 64. Do not rely on these for legal purposes, they are posted here merely as an historical archive of state laws.
Continue reading Pre-Prop. 64 archive, California HS 11357 – 11362.9

Prop. 215 Compassionate Use Act

Proposition 215 Compassionate Use of Medical Marijuana Act

medical marijuana dispensaryPassed as a statutory initiative by California voters in November 1996, Proposition 215 was the first effective medical marijuana law in the nation. The CUA allows a patient and their primary caregiver to cultivate and possess any amount deemed reasonable.

Health and Safety Code § 11362.5.

(a)  This section shall be known and may be cited as the Compassionate Use Act of 1996.

Continue reading Prop. 215 Compassionate Use Act

MMPA, Senate Bill SB 420, California Cannabis Program

Medical Marijuana Program Act, State Patient ID System, Safe Harbor, Collective Defense (repealed in MMRSA)

Safe Access Now sees many beneficial sections in the bill, including that it empowers communities to adopt scientific guidelines. Fortunately, the unrealistic floor amounts in section HS 11362.77, 6 mature plants and eight ounces of cannabis or conversion, are held by the CA Supreme Court’s Kelly Decision to be a safe harbor, not a limit on appropriate medical need. This measure also allows  cities and counties to adopt their own, more generous ordinances and the Medical Marijuana Regulation and Safety Act (MMRSA) incorporates the more reasonable SAN garden guidelines of 100 square feet of canopy per patient. The SB 420 author’s letter of legislative intent supports increasing those floor amounts to make life easier for patients and caregivers.

Proposition 215 now HS11362.5, the voter approved law, did not protect people from arrest, it gives them a defense in Court. The CA Supreme Court in the Mower Decision interpreted that to mean any amount reasonably related to the patients medical need. That standard still applies and supercedes SB 420.

Continue reading MMPA, Senate Bill SB 420, California Cannabis Program

Local ordinances do not pre-empt medical immunity

Kirby v Fresno

“We conclude that the provision in the ordinance that classifies the cultivation of medical marijuana as a misdemeanor is preempted by California’s extensive statutory scheme addressing crimes, defenses and immunities relating to marijuana. Among other things, the attempt to criminalize possession and cultivation is not consistent with the obligation section 11362.71, subdivision (e) imposes on local officials not to arrest certain persons possessing or cultivating marijuana. ” 242Cal.App4th940

Continue reading Local ordinances do not pre-empt medical immunity

Brief biography

Chris Conrad is an internationally respected expert on industrial hemp, marijuana cultivation, processing, religious, personal and medical use and a court-qualified expert witness who has testified more than 320 times in state, military and federal U.S. courts. He legally grew and processed marijuana in Europe in the early 1990s and curated the Hash-Marihuana-Hemp Museum in Amsterdam and the Oaksterdam Cannabis Museum in Oakland CA. His newest book is The Newbie’s Guide to Cannabis and the Industry, with Jeremy Daw. Continue reading Brief biography

Media biography

Chris Conrad and Mikki Norris: Power Couple of Pot
A brief biography

Chris Conrad and Mikki Norris met in Los Angeles at Solidarity Day, a 1981 rally against Reagan’s policies, when Chris handed Mikki a community newspaper that he edited. Their enduring activist spirits led them to turn their attention to the hemp issue seven years later, when a DARE-trained niece asked them, “If marijuana really isn’t so bad, why did they make it illegal in the first place?” The answer to that question changed the trajectory of their lives and led to where they are today.

At the end of 1988, Chris’ research led to the many uses of hemp and he devised a strategy to legalize cannabis. He started producing and disseminating literature under the names Business Alliance for Commerce in Hemp or “BACH” (e.g. The Many Uses of Hemp) and the Family Council on Drug Awareness (e.g.10 Things Every Parent, Teenager and Teacher should know about Marijuana and Marijuana and the Bible). They formed the American Hemp Council, hosting monthly meetings at their LA apartment that launched the modern hemp movement and soon thereafter Chris joined forces with Jack Herer to design and edit the landmark best-seller, The Emperor Wears No Clothes (1990) and write the California Hemp Initiative. He was mentioned twice in the Wall Street Journal and appeared as Johnny Marijuanaseed in the PBS program, the Nineties.

After marrying in 1991, Chris and Mikki set out on their first of several speaking tours across the US, networking with activists and BACH reps, and flew to Europe for a year. While living in Granada, Spain, in 1992, Chris wrote his first book, Hemp: Lifeline to the Future. They returned to the US, published the book, and went back to Europe six months later in 1993 to work with Ben and Alan Dronkers at the Sensi Seed Bank and to design and curate Amsterdam’s Hash Marihuana and Hemp Museum (updated in 2000). Despite their dreams to live in Europe, they got sucked back into the American hemp movement and relocated to the San Francisco Bay Area in 1994, the same year Chris became a founding member and first president of the Hemp Industries Association in 1994.

In 1996, Chris and Mikki shifted their focus to medical marijuana and the Compassionate Use Act as grassroots coordinators for the Prop 215 signature drive. The next year Chris wrote his groundbreaking, second book, Hemp for Health, which has been translated into six languages and published in Argentina under the title Cannabis para la Salud.

In 1995, Chris and Mikki created the eye-opening Human Rights and the Drug War photo exhibit, with the late Virginia Resner, to put a human face on the prisoners and victims of drug prohibition. The three of them schlepped the exhibit around for years and created displays for activists around the US and in Europe before publishing it as the book, Shattered Lives: Portraits from America’s Drug War. This project activated many people into the reform movement. Their next book, Human Rights and the US Drug War, drew international attention to the issue, illustrating the violations of the UN Universal Declaration on Human Rights committed in the name the Drug War, culminating in their trip to attend the 2009 High Level meetings of the Commission on Narcotic Drugs in Vienna, Austria.

After years of telling the stories of Drug War victims, in 2002 Mikki formed the Cannabis Consumers Campaign to help people come out of the closet and stand up for equal rights. She launched to show the faces and tell the success stories in an effort to change the image of cannabis consumers, banish the stigma and end marijuana prohibition.

The couple has been active in many political campaigns since Prop. 215. Serving on the board of the Oakland Civil Liberties Alliance, they helped pass Measure Z in 2004, making cannabis offenses law enforcement’s lowest priority (LLEP). Mikki worked as a consultant with the Next Generation political consulting group in 2006 to pass LLEP initiatives in Santa Monica, Santa Barbara and Santa Cruz and ordinances in San Francisco and West Hollywood. They joined Richard Lee in 2010 to work for the Prop 19 legalization initiative, which opened up the debate on the international stage to the concept of legalization. They plug on, gearing up for a hopefully winning initiative in 2016.

Chris is an internationally recognized expert and consultant on industrial hemp, commercial, religious, personal and medical cannabis use, compliance, cultivation, etc. He has consulted on over 2500 legal cases and testified more than 325 times in state, military and federal courts, mostly in California, but also in other states and a few other countries, as well. He teaches Politics and History for Oaksterdam University, at CLE’s for attorneys and CME’s for medical professionals and at the International Pharmaceutical Academy. His research monograph, Cannabis Yields and Dosage, uses federal medical marijuana and cultivation research to explain the fundamental principles of producing and consuming medical marijuana, as well as the legal issues. Chris was also an editor and contributor at HempWorld Magazine, and later the Oaksterdam News.

From 2008 to 2013, Chris and Mikki published the West Coast Leaf, “the cannabis newspaper of record,” widely distributed at dispensaries throughout California and various other states. They co-founded recent years, they have done speaking tours in Uruguay, Argentina, Chile, Australia and Canada to spread their message about cannabis and human rights.

They have been recognized for their activism and leadership in the cannabis reform movement with awards from NORML, Lindesmith/Drug Policy Foundation, The HIA, Seattle Hempfest, Best of the Bay (SF Bay Guardian), Oaksterdam University, and by prisoners of the Drug War.

Chris is now on the board of the 420 Archive. His next book, due out in time for Christmas, is the Newbies Guide to Cannabis and the Industry (with Jeremy Daw, published by Whitman Publishing).