Category Archives: California Law

Medical marijuana optional during probation

People v Tilehkooh

Qualified medical use is allowed during probation: “The people of California and a growing number of other states have recently enacted compassionate use laws. Congress should consider the wisdom of accommodating the people of these states.” — Concurring opinion of Judge J. Morrison

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Marijuana offender, CA drug registry

California Health and Safety Code 11590. (a) Except as provided in subdivisions (c) and (d), any person who is convicted in the State of California of any offense defined in Section 11350, 11351, 11351.5, 11352, 11353, 11353.5, 11353.7, 11354, 11355, 11357, 11358, 11359, 11360, 11361, 11363, 11366, 11366.5, 11366.6, 11368, 11378, 11378.5, 11379, 11379.5, 11379.6, 11380, 11380.5, 11383, or 11550, or subdivision (a) of Section 11377, or any person who is discharged or paroled Continue reading Marijuana offender, CA drug registry

Medical approvals may not expire

People v Windus

“[W]e see nothing in the statute that requires a patient to periodically renew a doctor’s recommendation regarding medical marijuana use. The statute does not provide, as the Attorney General asserts, that a recommendation “expires” after a certain period of time. As for Dr. Eidleman’s suggestion that appellant see him annually, there was no evidence appellant’s failure to do so invalidated the doctor’s medical marijuana recommendation.”

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CA Penal Code: Demurrer

CALIFORNIA PENAL CODE § 1002-1008

A demurrer is an alternative to pleading guilty, not guilty or no contest to a criminal charge. The distinction is that when you plead you make a tacit legal concession that there was a crime committed so, by pleading “not guilty” you are accepting that there was a crime but are contesting the facts (mainly that you committed the crime). A demurrer does the opposite; you admit that the facts are correct but argue that no crime was committed. In the case of marijuana in California, for example, you would argue that the defendant did grow or possess marijuana (cannabis) since the defendant has a medical marijuana approval, their cultivation or use was lawful and not a crime.

If you plead “not guilty” you have removed your ability to argue for the demurrer, even though your legal argument (medical marijuana defense) is still the same. But you can only demur at the arraignment. After that it is too late.

Click here for a model Prop 215 demurrer pleading to modify and file

Click here for a model SB 420 demurrer pleading to modify and file

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How much California cannabis can you grow without a license?

California businesses have three options currently: 1) SB 420 patient collective defense until 2019; 2) MCRSA medical marijuana licenses available in 2018; 3) AUMA (Prop. 64 nonmedical licenses available as provisional licenses now or with state licenses beginning in 2018.

California adults also have four choices as to how to legally grow marijuana for personal use or sharing without getting a state license. These gardens must be noncommercial and can be grown for nonmedical personal use and sharing or it can be following one of three medical marijuana protocols as discussed below.  Continue reading How much California cannabis can you grow without a license?

MMRSA: Senate Bill No. 643 Reconciliation

Medical Marijuana Regulation and Safety Act

The effect of this bill is to reconcile the Senate’s legislation with two Assembly Bills on medical marijuana, AB 243 and AB 266.

Senate Bill No. 643 • CHAPTER 719 Continue reading MMRSA: Senate Bill No. 643 Reconciliation

MMRSA: Assembly Bill 266 Regulations

Medical Marijuana Regulation and Safety Act

The effect of this Assembly Bill is to regulate the production and distribution of marijuana and marijuana products for medical use in California. [And, in the process, AB266 eliminates all criminal defenses from SB 420 collectives, meaning no growing for other patients, no sharing more than an ounce (misdemeanor) and no sales (wobbler) allowed between patients without a state and local license license.]  Continue reading MMRSA: Assembly Bill 266 Regulations

MMRSA: Assembly Bill 243 Licensed cultivation

Medical Marijuana Regulation and Safety Act

The effect of this bill is to regulate the agricultural aspects of medical marijuana production, to license cannabis cultivation and to exempt small personal medical marijuana grows to 100 square feet and patient collectives up to five patients from licensing provisions. Continue reading MMRSA: Assembly Bill 243 Licensed cultivation

Pre-Prop. 64 archive, California HS 11357 – 11362.9

Health and Safety Code – HSC 11357 – 11362.9

A compendium of California marijuana definitions and statutory laws related to cannabis hemp / marijuana as they were listed from 1976 to 2016, when the voters adopted Proposition 64. Do not rely on these for legal purposes, they are posted here merely as an historical archive of state laws.
Continue reading Pre-Prop. 64 archive, California HS 11357 – 11362.9

Prop. 215 Compassionate Use Act

Proposition 215 Compassionate Use of Medical Marijuana Act

medical marijuana dispensaryPassed as a statutory initiative by California voters in November 1996, Proposition 215 was the first effective medical marijuana law in the nation. The CUA allows a patient and their primary caregiver to cultivate and possess any amount deemed reasonable.


Health and Safety Code § 11362.5.

(a)  This section shall be known and may be cited as the Compassionate Use Act of 1996.

Continue reading Prop. 215 Compassionate Use Act